Bai Tu Long Bay is in the northeast of Vietnam. It covers a sea area of Halong City, Cam Pha Town and Van Don island district. It is adjacent to Halong bay in the southwest, to Campha district in the west, to Coto district in the northeast, toward the East sea. Bai Tu Long Bay includes hundreds of islands, many of them are large and inhabited.
Bai Tu Long Bay has the island’s climate with 2 distinct seasons: hot, humid summer and cold, dry winters. The annual average temperature is from 15°C to 25°C; rainfall is about 2,000mm/year. Bai Tu Long Bay also has a tide system at about 3.5-4m/day. Salinity ranges from 31 to 34.5 MT in the dry season and lower during the summer.
Bai Tu Long Bay with Halong bay has become one of the natural wonders of the world. It is also imprinted by thousands years of Halong culture and also preserved quite intact definition of primitive islands with pristine beaches. With these beautiful islands and white sandy beaches, Bai Tu Long bay attracts more and more foreign tourists to visit. The ecological zone of Bai Tu Long, stretches over an area of 100ha with over 10km of coastline besides the eco-tourism zone is built on the basis of harmonious combination of traditional Asian architecture and modern western style. The stilted houses are closed to the sea to give a sense of nature, leave the noisy, bustling modern world behind and blend to immense sea.
Bai Tu Long National Park has been selected as one of the representatives of marine conservation in Vietnam. According to the recent survey results from customers of eco-tourism company Gecko Travel (UK), the Bai Tu Long Bay is in the “top five” of the best tourists destinations in Southeast Asia.
Sea and Islands
The islands of Bai Tu Long bay are of such types as limestone and schist, the ancient images of the tectonic age terrain of about 300 million years ago. The corrosion process has been creating water-color paintings of sea and islands. On the islands, there are also caves, especially the Quan cave (Navy cave) for ships hiding when the sea moves. In addition, the Bai Tu Long Island also has soil islands for residents living on livestock and horticulture such as Quan Lan, Minh Chau, Ngoc Vung, Dong Chen… Especially the Monkey Island which is located not far from Cam Pha Town, has many gold monkey, breeding for making pharmaceuticals vaccine against cerebral palsy.
Bai Tu Long History is also associated with the history of Vietnamese people with such famous places as Van Don, the busy seaport of Ly dynasty almost 900 years ago, a ship wharf area with bustling traders from Thailand and China, further from India, Japan and the Middle East. Bai Tu Long Bay is also home to commemorate the epic battle of the General Tran Khanh Du against Mongolian Invaders in 1288. In addition, the Bai Tu Long bay has famous temples such as the Temple of Tran Quoc Tang, yearly festival celebrated on full moon January (lunar month); The National Guard Station of the Mac dynasty; 100 cells Pagoda in Thang Loi ward (Van Don – Quang Ninh) – one of the largest buildings on the Northeast strip.
Bai Tu Long Bay is the focus of biodiversity with typical ecosystems such as mangrove ecosystems, coral reef ecosystems, ecology of tropical forests. Survey results show that the diversity of marine animals reveals in 391 species. Most marine animals here are with high economic value and great scientific meaning. Specifically, there are 51 species of plankton, 132 benthic species, 19 species of fish, 79 coral species (including 17 species listed in Vietnam Red Book).
With the special values in terms of landscape, geomorphological, biological diversity, along with the cultural deposits, Bai Tu Long bay is one of the cradles of the ancient Vietnamese that should be under much concern and deserve protection.
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